Mathematicians, Scientists, Philosophers, Poets and more...
Contributions from the people of the ancient Persian Empire span every aspect of the global civilization we enjoy today.
The ancient Persians, represent an ethnicity which shares a common cultural system and the Persian language, Farsi which is still spoken in various dialects in more than 18 other countries, comprising 300 million people.
Throughout history the Persian Culture and people have been well-recognized for their massive global influence on culture, art, politics, science, medicine and economics.
Persian architectural masterpieces include the construction of the very first stadium, the Apadana in Persepolis in the 400s BC. The prolific Persian philosophers and poets are still avidly studied today. The works of Rumi, the Persian poet and Sufi master born in 1207, are translated in many languages, have sold millions of copies in recent years making him the most popular poet in the US.
Moreover, Persians were the first people in history to give men and women equal rights, racial equality, religious freedom, and abolish slavery. Cyrus the Great, the first Monarch of ancient Persia, recorded this first bill of rights on a baked-clay cylinder known today as the Cyrus Cylinder. Centuries later these prophetic words would serve as a source of inspiration in creating the Bill of Rights amendments to the Constitution of the United States.
The history of these gifted scholars can be traced back to the earliest days of the ancient Persian empire in the 6th century. Embracing a broad field of study, they are often historically referred to as Polymaths. As such, though each is most recognized for a defining achievement, their knowledge spans many subjects including mathematics, astronomy, medicine, art and philosophy.
A Persian mathematician, astronomer, and poet in the 11th and 12th centuries notable for his contributions to geometry and designing Jalali calendar and invented a tradition of poetry, quatrains (rubāʿiyāt رباعیات), widely translated by Edward FitzGerald.
A Persian physician, polymath, alchemist, and philosopher in the 9th and 10th centuries. An important figure in medicine with numerous discoveries in compounds and chemicals including alcohol and sulfuric acid.
A Persian polymath in the 10th century, the father of early modern medicine with works and contributions in astronomy, alchemy, geography, psychology, logic, math and poetry. His book, The Canon of Medicine, was a standard medical text at many universities.
A scholar in 7th and 8th century with numerous works in alchemy, numerology, astrology, and medicine in Arabic, and widely described as the father/ founder of early chemistry who invented the basis of many processes and equipment used by current chemists.
A Persian physician, astronomer, geographer, and photo-science fiction writer of Arab descent in the 13th century well known for his famous cosmography titled “The Wonders of Creation” and his geographical dictionary “Monument of Places and History of God’s Bondsmen”.
An Iranian philosopher, theologian, and the master of the Illuminations school of philosophy who led the Iranian cultural renaissance in the 17th century and is considered the most influential philosopher in the Muslim world.